What are the Different Types of Fractures?

If you’ve ever broken the bone, you realize how awful it can be. In some instances it is possible to can hear the bone as it breaks, which can be extremely disconcerting and shocking. Then, the pain shooting in , as does the inability of moving the damaged part.

In other instances the injury is progressive and you don’t be aware of the issue when you begin to feel pain from the fracture.

No matter what personal experience you are a part of regardless of the experience you have, fractures can leave you with a sense of frustration: over the pain, inability to complete simple tasks by yourself as well as the disruption to work, sports, and other hobbies.

However, there are many different types of fractures that are to be the same. Sometimes , they’re the result of trauma, while at other times , they’re caused by repetitive movement or an underlying condition which weakens bones. The time to heal and the treatment process varies according to the nature of injury.

1. Stable Fracture

This is the kind of fracture that happens after injuries cause the bones to split completely and its components remain aligned. This implies that the bone stays in its initial place.

The treatment for Stable Fracture Because this kind of fracture does not require realignment, the physician will just put the bone in an elastic cast. Patients can also take prescription anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve discomfort.

2. Transverse Fracture

Transverse fractures are those that occurs at a 90 degree angle in straight line across the bones. It occurs when the force is perpendicular to the location of injury.

treatment for Transverse Fracture The medical professional will align the bones using the use of an external fixation with an open-reduction(ORIF). When the bone fragments are aligned, an old-fashioned cast or splint can be employed to hold the bone in place.

3. Comminuted Fracture

A comminuted fracture can leave the bone fragmented. It’s most frequent after an injury that is severe, like an accident in the car and is more likely to happen in the feet or hands.

Methods to Treat a Fracture that is Comminuted: Because the bones are being broken, this kind of fracture needs to be treated surgically to avoid further harm to organs and ligaments, nerves and veins.

4. Oblique Fracture

A fracture of the oblique occurs when the bone fractures in an angle. It occurs mostly on bones with long lengths, such as the femur and the tibia. This kind of injury results in a visible defect beneath the skin.

Methods to Treat an Oblique Bruise: The treatment is based on the degree and severity of the fracture. In the case of a small injury the treatment is conservative (such like immobilizing the bones using casting) is enough. There are times where bones require to be aligned, and surgery is needed.

5. Compound Fracture

It is among the most serious injuries: A fracture that is open or compound can occur when the bone cuts the skin after it has broken. Surgery is typically required because of its severity and the possibility of infection.

Methods to Treat a Complex Fracture This kind of injury is considered to be an emergency. Most likely, the patient will require surgery to clean up the area, get rid of debris and fix the fracture. The patient will require the shot of tetanus and antibiotics.

6. Hairline Fracture

A hairline fracture is often referred to as an tension fracture and usually occurs on the feet and legs. It’s a result of repetitive movements and can occur whenever athletes abruptly increase their frequency or intensity of exercise, like running or jogging.

It is a sign of pain in the sport you enjoy or when you are at rest or lying down; tenderness, swelling and bruises.

Methods to Treat a Hairline FractureThe most crucial option to repair a fracture is to rest. Do not exercise for a while. In accordance with the extent of the injury, your physician will suggest the appropriate time for rest. Also, it is recommended to ice the injured area for 20 minutes at least a few times per day. Also, keep your leg or foot elevated.

7. Avulsion Fracture

Avulsion fractures occur when there is rupture at the place where bone joins the ligament or tendon. If this happens the ligament or tendon takes off a piece of the bone it’s connected to.

Treatment for Avulsion Fractures: Surgery is not necessary for all Avulsion fractures, unless the bone fragment that has been removed is located at a considerable separation from bone. Medical professionals will advise that you rest and apply ice to the injured area and prescribe specific exercises to improve your range of motion.

8. Greenstick Fracture

In the case of a Greenstick break, one small portion of the bone is broken but isn’t completely broken. The damaged bone can be bent near the fractured portion. This kind of injury is very frequent in children.

Treatment for the Greenstick Fracture When the bones are bent the doctor can gently straighten the bone. The patient will also be able to wear a removable splint , as alternative to a casting.

9. Spiral Fracture

The bone is torn through the forceful rotation or twisting of the part of a. This causes a smooth fracture where the bone splits into two pieces.

treatment for Spiral fracture:The process of healing for a fracture that is spiral-like is more complex than other fracture types because the twisting action causes sharp edges appearing on the bone. Surgery is typically required in all instances to realign the bones, and then set them back into place using rods, pins, or screws. Following surgery, patients will be in the cast and undergo physical therapy prior to returning to normal routine.

10. Pathological Fracture

The pathological fractures can occur in patients who suffer from an illness that has affected their bones for example, osteoporosis osteosarcoma, osteomyelitis or metabolic bone disorders.

The treatment for pathological Broken bone:Treatment will depend on the condition that caused the fracture. If the condition doesn’t impact the bone’s healing capacity it will require a cast that will immobilize the affected limb. If the illness has weakened the body’s healing capabilities surgical intervention is necessary.



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